Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. HOME - HISTORY MAPS - BATTLE OF AUSTERLITZ 1805. As their lines began to collapse all along the front, Allied troops started to flee the field. This was what Napoleon had expected, he had deliberately weakened it so as to entice the allies into an attack on this area. With threats emerging from Russia and Austria, Napoleon abandoned his ambitions to invade Britain during the summer of 1805 and turned to deal with these new adversaries. Introduction
The Battle of Austerlitz was the deciding engagement of the War of the
Third Coalition (1805) during the Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815). The losses of the French, according to various sources, amounted to 9-12,000 troops. Directed by Abel Gance. Moving with speed and efficiency, 200,000 French troops departed their camps near Boulogne and began crossing the Rhine along a 160-mile front on September 25. Napoleon's battlefield strategy at Austerlitz results in one of his greatest victories. Sometime after 4 p.m. the guns fell silent; the Battle of Austerlitz was over. He simply ordered his right to hold on for as long as possible. The allies decided to fight Napoleon west of Austerlitz and occupied the Pratzen Plateau, which Napoleon had deliberately evacuated to create a trap. Having crushed an Austrian army at Ulm earlier that fall, Napoleon drove east and captured Vienna. Before the year was out, Francis II was forced to sign the humiliating Treaty of Pressburg (December 26), which ended the dominant role his dynasty had played in the affairs of Germany. To their north, General Dominique Vandamme's advanced his division against Staré Vinohrady (Old Vineyards). Responding to the threat, Austrian General Karl Mack concentrated his army at the fortress of Ulm in Bavaria. Mounting a relentless diplomatic campaign, Prime Minister William Pitt concluded an alliance with Russia in early 1805. The campaign and battle show how he had continued to improve and develop on a style of strategy first tested in Italy in 1796 and again in 1800: indeed the nucleus of the 1805 campaign were formulated in 1800 when Napoleon had worked out a plan to attack the Austrian forces in South Germany using troops he had gathered at Dijon and, in conjunction with general Moreau’s army, envelop the enemy by a movement through Switzerland doing the greatest dam… The Battle of Austerlitz was fought December 2, 1805, and was the deciding engagement of the War of the Third Coalition (1805) during the Napoleonic Wars (1803 to 1815). The result of the battle was The remains of the Russian army withdrew east, while Napoleon's forces went into camp in southern Germany. As the horsemen battled, General Jean-Baptiste Drouet's division deployed on the flank of the fighting. Fought nearby the modern day town of Brno in the Czech Republic, the fight saw a Austro-Russian army commanded by two emperors pitted against the Grande Armée of Napoleon Bonaparte, the French Emperor.. By the time the sun set on 2 December 1805 Napoleon had achieved … Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …Russian and Austrian armies at Austerlitz in Moravia (now in the Czech Republic). Reinforced by the Russians, the Austrians gave battle near Austerlitz in early December. 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