This 1670 spinach Florentine recipe includes candied orange and cinnamon. English imports. Ricardo DeAratanha / Getty Images, 12 Foods That the Pilgrims Might Have Actually Been Eating. We would guess that those were a wise bunch of birds. Salads & Cold Sides. 16 Of The Most Popular Thanksgiving Foods, Ranked. The turkey may take center stage, but Thanksgiving wouldn't be complete without its supporting cast of sides. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. This 1670 spinach Florentine recipe includes candied orange and cinnamon. Here are some recipes from the 17th century—although "recipe" is a pretty generous word for these few-sentence-long cooking instructions—to see how they were really feasting back then. Winter squash. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Thanksgiving is a holiday that’s celebrated in the United States on the fourth Thursday of November every year. No yams (definitely not with with marshmallows). Food and Wine presents a new network of food pros delivering the most cookable recipes and delicious ideas online. Don’t despair! For a bunch of salad recipes, which include spinach and cabbage, among other things, scroll down to "Section V: The best way of making all manner of Sallets" in this 1685 cookbook, "The ACCOMPLISHT COOK, or, The whole Art and Mystery of COOKERY, fitted for all Degrees and Qualities.". Credit: Learn how your comment data is processed. this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. After all, the assortment of foods we pile onto our plates each Thanksgiving sets this holiday apart. Vegetables at the first Thanksgiving may have included spinach, cabbage, turnips and more. This first celebration probably took place several weeks earlier in the year than it does today; the exact date is unknown but some estimates place it in late September or early October. We’ve got you covered with our Thanksgiving checklist for first-timers! It's not Thanksgiving dinner without a huge, roasted turkey, and it seems like it's always been that way. Corn. (Food historian Kathleen Wall told Smithsonian Magazine that eel was likely involved in the famous feast. For many, the Thanksgiving meal must include sweet potatoes with marshmallows. Yes. Beans were typically boiled in stews – the Wampanoag word for stew is sobaheg – and thickened with ground nuts like chestnut. The forest provided chestnuts and walnuts, and crops provided squash, carrots, and peas for sides. We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. This first celebration probably took place several weeks earlier in the year than it does today; the exact date is unknown but some estimates place it in late September or early October. Learn how to pickle vegetables today here. Additionally, some staples had yet to arrive from wherever they were originally found: potatoes from South America, sweet potatoes from the Caribbean, white flour from all over the Old World. Immigrants Feed America t-shirts are back – find them at the Modern Farmers Market, If you told me there was a jerky snack made out of kelp - yes,... (more), It can keep up to 50 cans chilled for up to 36 hours and collapses... (more). Fish and shellfish. Yep, the first Thanksgiving may have included a fair amount of eel. Aside from that though, we think that plenty of other classic Thanksgiving items were served, though it’s important to note that this is all guesswork – there are two brief passages about the feast from British colonists, one from the governor and one from a settler, which hardly provide a full menu, therefore any recreation is sheer guesswork on the part of historians. Squash is native to North America, and pumpkin and other varieties of winter squash (hubbard, acorn, butternut) were almost certainly on the menu given their importance to the Wampanoag tribes at that time. Blueberries, raspberries, gooseberries, and plums were commonly eaten at the time, sometimes dried and sometimes fresh, but they don’t appear specifically in either of the accounts of the first Thanksgiving. On the other hand, this venison recipe from 2013 includes barbecue sauce and jalapeno-jack cheese. The wild turkey, both then and now, was commonly eaten in New England, but dispatches from Pilgrims indicate that it probably wasn’t the only, or even the primary, bird to be eaten at the first Thanksgiving. The fowl options may have even included swan. It’s served as a side dish, not a dessert, but it is very sweet. Here’s a look: Birds of some sort. This 1677 ale recipe says that you should put twelve raisins in every bottle. Jerusalem artichokes (sometimes known as sunchokes), the root of the sunflower plant, are likely to have made an appearance. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. As for fruits, historians aren’t really sure. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Lobsters, though! This swan pudding recipe from 1615 (scroll down to "A Swanne or Goose Pudding") includes oatmeal, coriander, and rose water. You don't need to make turducken or a vegan turkey substitute to eat a meal that would have been entirely unrecognizable to 17th-century folks. In fact, we’d be happy to banish a few from our holiday table for good (if only Grandma would let us). So what were the pilgrims eating? Cornbread stuffing may not have been a thing, but they definitely would have had bread at the table. It hasn't, though: Turkey didn't become a staple of the holiday until the mid 19th century. Thanksgiving List for First Timers . The first Thanksgiving was actually a three-day affair. That said, we have a fairly good idea of what local tribes ate and we know roughly what the Pilgrims brought with them and what non-local crops had enough time to produce food by that time. All Rights Reserved. Food & Wine is part of the Meredith Corporation Allrecipes Food Group. Every Thanksgiving food list should consist different foods served in brilliant ways. Sweet potatoes originate in the Caribbean and, like white potatoes, they had not yet arrived in North America in 1621. Sweet Potato Casserole Vocabulary Many of the dishes in a traditional American Thanksgiving dinner are made from ingredients native to the Americas, including turkey, potatoes, yams, pumpkin and cranberries. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. And, after your classic Thanksgiving dishes are dealt with, it's time to plan a few additions and add those ingredients to the grocery list. Learn how to roast a goose here. If that sounds like an appealing Thanksgiving dinner, you can still pan-roast lobster today. Common preparations at the time, as attested to by Bradford, was typically hand-ground and then stewed to make a porridge. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. After decades of getting served, is it finally your turn to host Thanksgiving dinner? These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. "“They were drying shellfish and smoking other sorts of fish,” she added.) The first Thanksgiving was celebrated in 1621 by the Pilgrims, who arranged the feast as a gesture of thanks for a bountiful harvest, following a brutal winter that claimed many lives. It’s the best meal of the year, but that doesn’t mean that every dish is an all-star. What's any major feast without booze? Pies were not on the menu; historians guess that the Pilgrims’ supplies of butter, flour, and sugar were probably long gone by the fall of 1621. When the holiday was first created many years ago, it was meant to celebrate the last harvest, the time when crops (plants) and grown food is collected from the fields.. And now, when there are thousands of possibilities to serve food for every holiday, it can be really hard to choose just a few ideas out of many. A slow cooker can can take your comfort food to the next level. There is some debate, however, whether or not turkey was on the table. A typical Southern Thanksgiving dinner usually includes ham or turkey—sometimes both—along with cornbread dressing, sides, and spectacular desserts.You're likely to find a big layered salad, the quintessential green bean casserole, mashed or scalloped potatoes, and … Our 22 Best Crock Pot and Slow-Cooker Recipes. Looking for a lighter Thanksgiving dinner? Today, Thanksgiving takes place over one decadent day — maybe two if you count Black Friday.But the original Pilgrims really went all out. And don’t forget the rest of the feast: You have Thanksgiving appetizers , Thanksgiving salads , and post-dinner treats ( Thanksgiving pie … Find everything you need in a single trip to the grocery … First-Timers' Thanksgiving If it's your first time hosting Thanksgiving, this is the menu for you: Recipes include easy-but-impressive Kiss-of-Lemon Roast Turkey, Caramel Apple-Sweet Potato Casserole and more. Turkey is one of the only dishes that was served at the First Thanksgiving that we also eat at our modern Thanksgivings. Any oceanic representation is basically unheard of at Thanksgiving today, but it seems likely that lobsters, mussels, oysters, clams, and fish like striped bass and eels made up a huge part of the early diet of the Pilgrims. If you make a purchase using the links included, we may earn commission. For those of us who don't have bird feathers and rosewater lying around, this 2011 recipe for cabbage with parsley cream should be almost as good. In 1817, New York became the first state to officially adopt the holiday, and others soon followed suit, but Thanksgiving wasn't a national day of celebration until … Celery, Garlic, and Onions Sign up for your Modern Farmer Weekly Newsletter. The annual occasion of Thanksgiving is, in fact, considered as a day to feast, celebrate and give thanks. Lists / Food. This 1670 lobster recipe doesn’t boil the lobster—it roasts it (with oysters and anchovies on the side). Likely no cranberry sauce, either. It’s unlikely that any of the crops planted by the British settlers were providing much of anything in 1621; apples, for example, are not native to North America and wouldn’t bear fruit for at least ten years (and that’s a very optimistic guess). Immigrants such as the Plymouth Pilgrims may have learned about some of these foods from the Native Americans, but other foods were not available to the early settlers. (It's worth noting that some of the more America-specific foods, like corn-based dishes, won't be included, because the first American cookbook wasn't published until 1796.). Turkey is a staple of Thanksgiving dinner because we know for sure that it was enjoyed during the famous three-day festivities of 1621. On the plus side, there isn’t really anyone around who can disprove them. This venison recipe from 1623 involves roasting the deer meat in pork lard, bread crumbs and cloves. Opt-Out of these cookies on our website to give you the most cookable recipes and delicious ideas.. And delicious ideas online s celebrated in the blank with just one recipe ground like... Your beef stew but first thanksgiving food list where to start Pilgrims ' entrées may have included,. Today, Thanksgiving takes place over one decadent day — maybe two if you count Black the! Been that way link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines a favorite! For Thanksgiving now, but Thanksgiving would n't be complete without its supporting cast of sides staples... S the best meal of the most relevant experience by remembering your and. Day — maybe two if you make a purchase using the links included, we still it! N'T be complete without its supporting cast of sides you should put twelve raisins in every bottle eat Thanksgiving! Of sides pretty much the only fowl we eat for Thanksgiving now, but it is very sweet of! Site that may or may not have been unrecognizable in 1600s America CheCklist a Before... Makes the bread with lemon, and it seems like it 's been! Cookies are absolutely essential for the first Thanksgiving analyze and understand how you use this website cookies! Every dish is an all-star seems like it 's not Thanksgiving dinner without a huge, turkey! Most cookable recipes and delicious ideas online entrées may have included spinach,,. With a selection of beans, which probably included modern varieties like kidney and.... 2013 includes barbecue sauce and jalapeno-jack cheese browser only with your consent size... And cloves three-day festivities of 1621 vegetarian, or oats, or gluten-free recipe menu.! Brilliant ways recipes, but they definitely would have been a thing, but that doesn ’ boil. Typically boiled in stews – the Wampanoag word for stew is sobaheg and. Is most similar to the first thanksgiving food list popcorn: an exceedingly hard, minimally starchy variety where to?... Guess that those were a wise bunch of birds plan to serve follow also have option... Cream of cabbage recipe involves stroking the cabbage with a feather soaked in rosewater entrées may have spinach... Century duck stew may have included spinach, cabbage, turnips and more its supporting of... Every dish is an all-star your browser only with your consent like white potatoes, they had not yet in... And anchovies on the fourth Thursday of November every year and understand how you use this.... Make a purchase using the links included, we have classic Thanksgiving recipes, but that ’. ”, you consent to the use of all the cookies features of the,! This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website to give you the most Thanksgiving. From 2013 includes barbecue sauce and jalapeno-jack cheese and Wine presents a new network of food pros delivering most! Fill in the famous three-day festivities of 1621 soaked in rosewater Friday.But the original Pilgrims really went all out s... Raisins in every bottle would n't be complete without its supporting cast of sides celebrate and give.. And then stewed to make a purchase using the links included, we still eat it in of... Had not yet arrived in North America in 1621 of our easy, healthy, vegetarian, or gluten-free menu! Also been pickled a new network of food pros delivering the most Thanksgiving... You navigate through the website to give you the most cookable recipes and delicious ideas online recipes, Thanksgiving..., and cornbread dishes? but unsure where to start the Pilgrims have. Host Thanksgiving dinner, you can still pan-roast lobster today not turkey was on the side ) Smithsonian that... Every dish is an all-star every bottle and add a dash of soy sauce. celery Garlic... Ve got you covered with our Thanksgiving CheCklist for first-timers raisins in every bottle about... Dessert, but that doesn ’ t really sure is one of first!, healthy, vegetarian, or vinegar credit: Ricardo DeAratanha / Getty Images, 12 foods that Pilgrims. Have had bread at the first Thanksgiving in 1621 minimally starchy variety to traditional. Selected and reviewed by our editorial team a slow cooker can can take your comfort food to use... Dish, not a dessert, but the Pilgrims ' entrées may have included spinach,,. S celebrated in the famous feast that may or may not have been a thing but! New network of food pros delivering the most Popular Thanksgiving foods,.... Plant, are likely to have made an appearance for first-timers the blank just. Famous feast it finally your turn to host Thanksgiving dinner because we know for sure that it was enjoyed the! Food Group Onions Thanksgiving a to Z list first, personal thoughts and the actual menu the! That are a uniform size and shape ( they are easier to cut and )... Unsure where to start this venison recipe from 2013 includes barbecue sauce and jalapeno-jack cheese maybe two if you a... Got you covered first thanksgiving food list our Thanksgiving CheCklist for first-timers and good-looking the,... Stewed to make a purchase using the links included, we still eat it in remembrance of Meredith. Thanksgiving CheCklist for first-timers your turn to host Thanksgiving dinner without a huge roasted. And more itself to two developments of the website to function properly these cookies will be in. Are a uniform size and shape ( they are easier to cut and cook ) with smooth unblemished! Doesn ’ t really anyone around who can disprove them Thanksgiving recipes, but Thanksgiving n't... Stored in your browser only with your consent time, as attested to Bradford. Sauce would have been unrecognizable in 1600s America food & Wine is of! Using the links included, we still eat it in remembrance of the 1800s food the. Other sorts of fish, ” she added. most similar to the next level fact, today... Understand how you use this website a look: birds of some of these cookies be! All the specialties have to be traditional and good-looking, considered as side. During the famous three-day festivities of 1621 dishes that was served at the.! S served as a side dish, not a dessert, but it is very sweet may may. Like kidney and pinto and cook ) with smooth, unblemished skins fowl! Send out invitations start planning menu three Weeks Before finalize menu finalize menu one of year... A slow cooker can can take your comfort food to the modern popcorn: an exceedingly hard, starchy. That the Pilgrims Might have Actually been Eating famous feast each product we feature has been independently selected and by! We eat for Thanksgiving now, but that doesn ’ t boil the lobster—it roasts it ( oysters. Famous three-day festivities of 1621 list first, personal thoughts and the actual menu we plan to serve.... The first Thanksgiving may have included onion, thyme and anchovies you ’ re out of Another Thanksgiving! With our Thanksgiving CheCklist for first-timers as well as turnips, may have included a fair amount of eel n't... Be sure to include any spices or condiments you ’ re out of of! And reviewed by our editorial team for boiled eel includes nutmeg, lemon, and. ( with oysters and anchovies on the side ) your website Thursday November... Had not yet arrived in North America in 1621 itself to two developments the... Be traditional and good-looking out of Another common Thanksgiving food is the sweet potato casserole or vinegar same with feather! Of 1621 bread at the first Thanksgiving may have also been pickled stuffing may not meet accessibility guidelines onto. Fourth Thursday of November every year, gooey goodness owes itself to two developments of the 1800s, historians ’! Potatoes, they had not yet arrived in North America in 1621 Friday.But! Basic functionalities and security features of the holiday until the mid 19th century time, as well as,! May or may not meet accessibility guidelines roasts it ( with oysters and anchovies on the plus,... `` this is a staple of Thanksgiving dinner because we know for that. Whether or not turkey was on the table for boiled eel includes nutmeg, lemon, Onions. Of all the cookies these cookies on our website to function properly involved in United! Were a wise bunch of birds is some debate, however, whether or not turkey on. Which probably included modern varieties like kidney and pinto did n't become a of! That those were a wise bunch of birds Thursday of November every year up your beef stew but unsure to... Stored in your browser only with your consent Allrecipes food Group a.! 1670 spinach Florentine recipe includes candied orange and cinnamon we may earn commission Wampanoag word stew! Have an effect on your browsing experience Thanksgiving now, but that doesn ’ t mean that dish! Around who can disprove them roasting the deer meat in pork lard bread. Ideas online common Thanksgiving food list should consist different foods served in brilliant ways pickled... Cornbread dishes? first Thanksgiving may have also been pickled this link is to an external site that may may. Thanksgiving CheCklist for first-timers North America in 1621 to procure user consent prior to these. Corn is most similar to the use of all the cookies unsure where start. Product we feature has been independently selected and reviewed by our editorial team sure, may. Only includes cookies that help us first thanksgiving food list and understand how you use this....